Pain & Sickness

Figure: Illustration recalling the ambulation sickness questionnaire.

Pain is one of the long-term compliances that can manifest after a stroke event. Pain incidence can vary across the stroke survivor population. Pain sensation after the MRI scanning was recorded. A scale ranging between 0-100 was used.

The Sickness Impact Profile (SIP) scale is a commonly used to assess the quality of life [1]. The SIP scale is composed of 136 items divided into 12 subscales, exploring three main aspects: physical, social, and emotional functioning. Van Staten et al. [2] proposed a shorter and stroke-adapted version of the SIP (SA-SIP) including 30 items subdivided into 8 subscales exploring both physical and psychosocial sickness dimensions. The sickness of body care and movement, mobility, household management and ambulation corresponds to the physical dimension. The sickness in social interactions, communication, emotional behaviour and alertness behaviours corresponds to the psychosocial dimension.

Score Info
pain Pain
sip_alert Alertness behaviour (SA-SIP)
sip_amb Ambulation (SA-SIP)
sip_body Body care and movement (SA-SIP)
sip_com Communication (SA-SIP)
sip_emo Emotional behavior (SA-SIP)
sip_house Household (SA-SIP)
sip_mob Mobility (SA-SIP)
sip_physical Physical function (SA-SIP)
sip_psychosoc Psychosocial (SA-SIP)
sip_social Social (SA-SIP)

SA-SIP=Stroke-Adapted Sickness Impact Profile.


1. de Haan, R., et al., Measuring quality of life in stroke. Stroke, 1993. 24(2): p. 320-7.

2. van Straten, A., et al., A stroke-adapted 30-item version of the Sickness Impact Profile to assess quality of life (SA-SIP30). Stroke, 1997. 28(11): p. 2155-61.